St year college students’ academic achievement (ghauri and gronhaug, 2002) therefore, the diverse according to collis and hussey we can write a custom essay according to your specific requirements order an essay you may also find these documents helpful. Therefore, reliability is likely to be high (collis and hussey, 2003) one limitation of the positivistic paradigm is that validity is low when measures do not reflect the phenomenon that is being investigated (collins and hussey, 2003.
According to collis and hussey (2003) the use of different techniques and methods in the same study is called triangulation and it overcomes the potential bias of single research approach in research it is not unusual to adopt mixture of research methods. According to collis and hussey (2007), the uk rf (uk gaap) is mainly the combination of three authorised elements: company law, the stock exchange rules and accounting standards (asb and iasb as needed) [see figure 5.
(collis and hussey, 2003) research topic gaspar (2005) pointed out that employee in a competition environment is encouraged to work more efficiency in a company however, kurland (1996) said that employees working in high competition environment will do some unethical behaviour for their achievements.
As stated by collis and hussey (2003) and saunders et al (2003), there are two aspects related to the credibility of the findings, thus it is important to consider the significance of the reliability and validity of the research outcome. Collis and hussey (2009) state, that a case study is a methodology used to understand an occurrence in a natural setting in order to gain in-depth knowledge about it yin (2003) mentions that there are three characteristics of a case study. Financial reporting is part of financial accounting which is the activity involved with classifying, measuring and recording the economic transactions of an entity in accordance with established principles, legal requirements and accounting standards (collis & hussey, 2007.
(collis and hussey, 2003) interpretivism is an approach emphasizing that people have consciousness involving personal beliefs, values and interpretations and these influence the way they act they do not simply respond to forces outside them.
Collis and hussey (2003) assert that the question of appropriate number of subjects to include in a sample is complex and it is a question of deciding how accurate the researcher wants the result to be and how confident is the answer.
According to collis and hussey (2003), with the phenomenological approach you need to carry out the investigation in order to construct a new theory to explain the phenomena because there is no relevant existing theory in the phenomenological approach.