Obesity and discrimination – a systematic review and reviewed published literature about the prevalence and the nature of perceived weight discrimination in individuals with obesity this systematic review and keywords: discrimination, obesity, stigma, systematic review obesity reviews (2016) 17,43–55. Discrimination is seen as a resulting phenomenon which is based on negative attributes therefore, every evidence of existing discrimination also supports the existence of negative attribution stigma as proposed by jones et al (1984), in elaboration of goffman's definition, is a mark that links a person to undesirable characteristics [5,6] hence, the terms of negative attribution and stigmatizing attitudes are used to describe the same mechanism.
Literature review on childhood obesity by: obesity is a growing problem among us children in 1994, one in five children between the ages of 6 and 17 was overweight in 1994, one in five children between the ages of 6 and 17 was overweight. The social stigma of obesity or anti-fat bias has created negative psychosocial impacts and has caused disadvantages for overweight and obese people weight stigma is similar and has been broadly defined as bias (prejudicial and negative attitudes, beliefs, and/or stereotypes) or discriminatory behaviors targeted at individuals, because of their weight.
Research investigating obesity discrimination in the workplace has examined the stereotypes reported about obese employees and how these may translate to discriminative behaviors both experimental and survey research suggest that employment discrimination against overweight individuals is substantial in western cultures (see roehling, 1999 , for an extensive review. Puhl and heuer (2010) suggest that obesity stigma is a health threat, may cause health inequalities and can hinder efforts to intervene with obesity terminology used by healthcare professionals beyond the attitudes of healthcare professionals, consideration of the language used in consultation has drawn some attention.
How obesity is perceived impacts the negative stigma perceptions about the causes of obesity may be partially responsible for this stigma and bias assumptions that obesity can be prevented by self-control, that patient non-compliance explains failure at weight-loss, and that obesity is caused by emotional problems, are all examples of attributions that contribute to negative attitudes. Obesity discrimination, obesity stigma in literature the merriam-webster dictionary offers this definition: “obesity: a condition characterized by the excessive accumulation and storage of fat in the body” (webster online dictionary. Of lifetime discrimination among individuals with normal weight (bmi=185–249kgm 2), individuals with class i obesity (bmi=30–349kgm 2) and more extreme obesity (bmi35kgm 2) no meta-analysis could be performed for work-related discrimination, healthcare related dis-crimination and interpersonal discrimination because of the small number of studies.
Obesity: discrimination, stigma in literature essay the merriam-webster dictionary offers this definition: “ obesity : a condition characterized by the excessive accumulation and storage of fat in the body” (webster online dictionary.
We reviewed all original studies in the fall of 2014 on topics related to obesity stigma in medical care and/or the impact of stigma on interpersonal encounters and decision-making in pubmed and psychinfo, with the majority of studies found in health communication, social psychology and health disparities research.
One form of discrimination that is not as often discussed or highlighted is “obesity” this is a form of discrimination that is also known as “sizeism” this discrimination seems to have been passing under the radar, but it is on the rise in recent studies. There are a number of important related topics, such as theoretical models underlying stigma, psychological processes and social origins leading to discrimination of obese people, effects of this stigma on obese individuals, and possible discrimination against obese people in social relationships.
Research on obesity has shown that stigma often accompanies obesity and impacts many life domains no previous research has systematically reviewed published literature about the prevalence and the nature of perceived weight discrimination in individuals with obesity. Chen and colleagues assessed the degree to which elevated depressed mood was associated with weight‐based stigma among surgery seeking obese patients (n = 60), and found that experiences of weight stigma contributed unique variance to depressed mood above and beyond bmi, gender, age of onset of obesity, physical disability, and binge‐eating status experiences of weight stigma independently contributed 326% of the variance in depression scores.