There are two basic forms of organizational structure: mechanistic and organic structures a mechanistic structure , also known as a bureaucratic structure , describes an organizational structure that is based on a formal, centralized network. They developed a continuum of organizational structure where organic organizations are at one end and mechanistic organizations are at the other end as you might expect, mechanistic organizations demonstrate high complexity, a high degree of formalization, and are highly centralized. Organic organizations are comparatively more complex and harder to form, but are highly adaptable, flexible, and more suitable where external environment is rapidly changing and is unpredictable also called open organizations, they are contrasted with mechanistic organizations.
According to researchers gm stalker and t burns, “mechanistic” organizations use hierarchical top-down structures, while “organic” organizations use more flexible structures with less clearly-defined chains of command. A company can build a structure that is rigid and mechanistic and allows managers to exert control, increase efficiency and establish narrow, well-defined jobs or it can choose an organic, flexible structure organic structures are so adaptable that elements may be semi-permanent or temporary. The type of organizational structure a company chooses to use will affect employee relationships, customer service and business relationships an organic organizational structure’s purpose is to provide flexibility for change that can be initiated by employees a flat organizational model that limits the amount of.
For the most part, mechanistic organization is applied to most all business structures but is predominant in manufacturing while organic organization is best applied to businesses that apply a more open business structure such as online business platforms.
In organic organizations, the emphasis is on effectiveness, problem solving, responsiveness, flexibility, adaptability, creativity, and innovation such an organization is able to respond in a timely manner to environmental change because employees are empowered to be creative, to experiment, and to suggest new ideas. The team and network organizational structures are organic designs the team structure uses representatives from different processes or functions to create employee teams for example, a team may contain marketing, financial, research and production representatives when decisions arise, expertise holds sway. This article deals with describing the differences between mechanistic and organic organizational structures the article is based upon the work done by the theorists t burns and gm stalker (1961. A term created by tom burns and gm stalker in the late 1950s, organic organizations, unlike mechanistic organizations (also coined by burns and stalker), are flexible and value external knowledge. Organic organizational structure an organic organizational structure is a flat organization that allows for horizontal communications and interactions and is more suited to creative businesses this type of organizational structure is decentralized, which gives employees at all levels a chance to participate in business-related decision making.
An organic organizational structure’s purpose is to provide flexibility for change that can be initiated by employees a flat organizational model that limits the amount of hierarchy in an organization, it is built around the employees' or workers' thoughts, needs and feedback. The team and network organizational structures are organic designs the team structure uses representatives from different processes or functions to create employee teams for example, a team may contain marketing, financial, research and production representatives. Examples of mechanistic structures include healthcare, universities, and governmental organizations organic structure organic structures are used in organizations that face unstable and dynamic environments and need to quickly adapt to change when an environment changes, an organization must be able to gather, process, and disseminate information very quickly.
An organic organization is a type of informal organization originally described by british theorists tom burns and george stalker according to burns and stalker, an organic organization is one that is very flexible and is able to adapt well to changes.
The term organic suggests that, like living things, organizations change their structures, roles, and processes to respond and adapt to their environments. One of the advantages of organic structure is free flow of information within organization there is the system of two way communication top level management provides information of instruction and guidance to subordinates and similarly, subordinates provide information to the manager about achievement and problems in work.